Characteristic Gestational
Diabetes Mellitus
Pre-gestational
Diabetes Mellitus
P value
  569 116  
Maternal age 32.40±5.89 34.95±5.66 <0.001
Gravidity 4.92±3.02 6.43±3.46 <0.001
Parity 3.19±2.46 4.53±2.90 <0.001
History of previous 237(41.8%) 54(46.6%) 0.35
miscarriage      
Table 1: Maternal demographic characteristics