Low Patients should be encouraged to achieve an active lifestyle and to avoid sedentary living, because physical activity and exercise provide many health benefits and facilitate glycemic control. Participation in any physical activity provides some health benefits
For substantial benefits:
≥150 min/week of moderate-intensity activity, or
≥75 min/week of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or
some combination of equivalent moderate/vigorous activity
Medium Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of ≥10 min and preferably spread throughout the week
For additional, more extensive benefits:
≥300 min/week of moderate-intensity activity, or
≥150 min/week of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or
some combination of equivalent moderate/vigorous activity
Additional health benefits are gained beyond this amount
High Moderate- or high-intensity resistance exercise training for all major muscle groups, as a separate modality from aerobic exercise, has been shown to increase muscle mass and strength, alter body composition, and improve glycemic control; therefore, it should be combined with aerobic activity in each individual ≥2 days per week
Exercise should be undertaken only after cardiac clearance has been obtained.
Although Mexico has no official physical activity guidelines, physicians generally use the above recommendations from the US Department of Health. In the near future, country-specific guidance is likely in order to accommodate the types of exercises and activities that are common among Mexicans.
Table 4: Physical Activity Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Diabetes.