Parameters Gr1 n=48 Gr2 n=70 Gr3 n=35 t/p values
Gr1 vs. Gr2 Gr1 vs. Gr3 Gr2 vs. Gr3
Insulin (μIU/ml) 9.8 ± 5.5 11.4 ± 6.6 16.6 ± 7.6 -1.29/ 0.199 -4.82/ 0.0001 -3.75/ 0.001
TNF-α (ng/ml) 20.1 ± 10.9 22.2 ± 10.7 29.1 ± 12.9 -1.006/ 0.317 -3.58/ 0.001 -2.91/ 0.004
HOMA% B 52 ± 40 50 ± 36 70±53 0.205/ 0.791 -1.7/ 0.08 -2.11/ 0.039
HOMA% S 86 ± 105 69 ± 62 39±18 1.03/ 0.303 2.87/  0.006 3.64/ 0.001
Gr1, BMI < 23 Kg/m2; Gr2, BMI 23.1-27.5; Gr3, BMI>27.5
Table 2: Biochemical characteristics of the study subjects according to BMI.