Parameter NP+ND GD+FSD
Live fetuses 8.75 ± 0.52 4.25 ± 0.22#
Implantation loss 3.50 ± 0.2 9.50 ± 0.38¡
Fetal weight (g) 3.08 ± 0.03 3.40 ± 0.10#
Fetal glucose (mg/dL) 24.94 ± 1.46 161.50 ± 4.12*
Fetal insulin (µIU/ml) 3.60 ± 0.14 6.20 ± 0.16*
Data shown as mean ± SEM of six dams #P< 0.05, ¡P < 0.01, *P < 0.001 versus NP+ND group NP+ND: Normal pregnant dams received normal diet, GD+FSD: Gestational diabetic dams received fatty sucrosed diet/minimal dose of STZ (25 mg/kg b.wt.).
Table 4: Maternal reproductive outcome, and fetal glucose and insulin levels.