Nutrient Lower GI Higher GI P
Glycemic index (GI) 48 (3.4) 61 (4.8) <0.001
Glycemic load (GL) 109 (32) 142 (47) <0.001
Energy (mJ/d) 7.3 (1.9) 6.9 (2.4) 0.389
Carbohydrate (g/d) 218 (59) 234 (75) 0.269
Carbohydrate (% energy) 49 (8.5) 56 (10.5) <0.001
Protein (% energy) 22 (4.0) 21 (4.3) 0.054
Total fat (% energy) 26 (7.8) 19 (9.2) <0.001
Saturated fat (% energy) 8 (3.3) 7 (3.0) 0.005
Fiber (g/d) 32 (6.2) 25 (6.9) <0.001
Table 2: Mean (SD) diet composition of the 22 participants from weighed diet records.