Total Men Women
  Cases N = 200 Control N = 200 P Cases N = 100 Control N = 100 P Cases N = 100 Control N = 100 P
  Quantitative variable
Mean  ±  SD
Age (year) 53.18 ±9.51 52.60 ±9.75 0.54 53.20 ±9.78 52.82 ±10.31 0.79 53.17 ±9.2 52.39  ±  9.2 0.55
BMI (k/m2) 29.47 ±3.95 28.19 ±4.67 0.003 28.14 ±3.28 26.53 ±3.23 0.001 30.80 ±4.12 29.85  ±  5.27 0.15
WC (cm) 99.59 ±9.68 93.83 ±10.47 10-4 97.58 ±8.64 91.62 ±8.90 10-4 101.61 ±10.26 95.05 ±11.46 10-4
WHR 0.95 ±0.07 0.90 ±0.06 10-4 0.98 ±0.07 0.93 ±0.06 10-4 0.93 ±0.07 0.88  ±  0.05 10-4
  Qualitative variable
N (%)
Family history of diabetes 145 (72.5) 57(28.5) 10-4 70 (70) 22 (22) 10-4 75 (75) 25 (25) 10-4
Hypertension 117 (58.5) 69 (34.5) 10-4 57 (57) 38 (38) 0.007 60 (60) 31 (31) 10-4
Dyslipidemia 186 (93) 164 (82) 0.001 90 (90) 82 (82) 0.10 96 (96) 82 (82) 0.003
Regular physical activity 125 (62.5) 134 (67) 0.34 61 (61) 59 (59) 0.77 64 (64) 75 (75) 0.09
Table 1: Characteristics of diabetic and non-diabetic patients by sex.