Neonates born from
lean controls
(n=175)
Neonates born from
overweight or obese  mothers
(n=70)
 
  Mean±SD Min Max Mean±SD Min Max p value
Gestational Age (wks) 38.77±1.11 36 41 38.72±1.20 36 41 0.791
Birth Weight (g) 3313.03±566.26 1720 4760 3429.71±506.24 2260 4710 0.135
Length (cm) 50.07±2.12 41 55.50 50.4±2.03 46 55 0.362
Head Circumference¬† (cm) 34.62±1.54 31 38.50 35.02±1.47 30.50 38 0.066
APGAR 1 min 9.16±0.58 7 10 8.97±0.79 5 10 0.042
APGAR 5 min 9.95±0.23 8 10 9.88±0.46 7 10 0.130
Weight at discharge (g) 3156.53±527.86 2030 4710 3362.19±525.74 2130 4550 0.036
Age at discharge (days) 4.20±1.25 3 15 4.26±0.89 3 7 0.758
F2-IsoPs CB (pg/ml) 116.75±89.11 0.00 569.00 107.19±86.38 0.00 539.00 0.450
  Absolute frequencies (n) Percentage (%) Absolute frequencies (n) Percentage (%) p value
AGA 114 65.1 51 72.9 0.307
LGA 30 17.1 12 17.1
SGA 31 17.7 7 10
BMI, Body Mass Index; F2-IsoPs, F2 Isoprostanes; AGA, Appropriate for Gestational Age; LGA, Large for Gestational Age; SGA, Small for Gestational Age.
Data are means ± standard deviation, minimum and maximum for continuous variables; absolute frequencies and percentage for categorical variables.
BMI before and at the end of pregnancy was calculated according to the standard definition [weight in kilograms divided by height in square meters (kg/m2)].
Newborns were subdivided in large (LGA), appropriate (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) according to respective national growth charts [16-18].
Table 1: Baseline features of newborns.