Parameter DKA
n= 29
Mean±SD
HHNK
n=53
Mean±SD
NNHS
n=13
Mean±SD
MIXED
n=10
Mean±SD
  F   df   P
HbA1c (%) 8.5±0.28 8.1±0.16 7.9±0.44 9.0±0.47 1.78 3 0.16
RBS on admission
(mg/dl)
439.8±98.29 611.4±68.11 505.1±116.72 596.8±67.72 28.18 3 0.01
Anion Gap
(mmol/L)
24.2±3.91 14.7±1.56 14.1±2.11 25.3±6.29 83.93 3 0.01
Serum Osmolality (mOsmol/L) 303.9±75.91 335.8±97.44 312.6±51.42 331.1±81.44 96.04 3 0.01
FBS on discharge
(mg/dl)
102.9±12.77 109.0±11.63 104.2±12.02 106.1±9.00 1.86 3 0.14
HbA1c= Glycosylated hemoglobin, RBS= Random blood sugar, FBS= Fasting blood sugar, DKA= Diabetic ketoacidosis, HHNK= Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non ketotic state, NNHS=Normoosmolar non ketotic hyperglycemic state, Mixed DKA/HHNK= Mixed diabetic ketoacidosis hyperglycemic hyperosmolar non ketotic state, df= degree of freedom, SD=standard deviation
Table 3: Comparison of means HBA1C, RBS, FBS, anion gap and osmoloality of subjects with hyperglycaemic emergencies using analysis of variance.