Education (n=28)   Yoga with Education (n=28)   P value1
  Baseline 12 weeks Difference Baseline 12 weeks Difference  
Obesity related              
Weight (kg) 101.8 (26.3) 100.3 (24.0) -2.4 (7.4) 93.0 (24.5) 90.3 (25.6) -2.5 (6.5) 0.831
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 34.8 (7.0) 33.2 (9.1) -1.3 (3.0) 32.1 (6.7) 32.1 (6.9) -1.2 (2.3) 0.818
Waist Circumference (cm) 111.8 (13.8) 109.0 (16.3) -2.0 (15.6) 106.0 (9.0) 105.0 (20.6) -4.0 (9.3) 0.796
Blood pressure              
Systolic 128.0 (14.7) 128.5 (16.3) 2.5 (24) 128.5 (20.8) 126.0 (22) -1.0 (20) 0.605
Diastolic 78 (15) 74.5 (16.8) -3.5 (17.8) 78.0 (14) 72.0 (15.3) -3.0 (7) 0.780
Laboratory Values              
Glucose 103 (14.5) 104 (13.8) 0.5 (13) 107 (15) 106.0 (15) 2.0 (13.0) 0.626
Insulin 12.1 (9.3) 11.5 (9.1) -0.2 (5.8) 13.5 (9.3) 11.2 (9.2) -1.6 (7.1) 0.539
HOMA 1.64 (1.17) 1.53 (1.54) .02 (0.74) 1.82 (1.2) 1.48  (0.9) -.21 (0.99) 0.287
Cholesterol 192.5 (45.8) 184.5 (53.5) -6.5 (25.25) 191 (43.3) 189.0 (51) -5.0 (37.0) 0.617
Low density lipoprotein 122.5 (38.3) 112.0 (35.0) -2.5 (19.3) 120.5 (30.3) 117.0 (48) -3.0 (25.0) 0.496
High density lipoprotein 42.0 (10.8) 45.5 (14.3) 1.0 (6.5) 43.0 (13.8) 46.0 (14) 1.0 (9.0) 0.993
Triglycerides 163.5 (73.8) 157 (104.8) -14.5 (61.5) 124.0  (36.25) 112.0  (82) -13 (75) 0.676
Energy Balance              
Dietary intake (kcal/day) 1723 (810) 1345 (628) -502 (737) 1790 (378) 1243(1036) -434 (602) 0.789
Physical Activity              
(average total counts vector magnitude per day) 345498 (159381) 428054 (198105) 46119 (243863) 357451 (220150) 378252 (248300) 8305 (176775) 0.946
Average Kcal per day              334 (183) 471 (322) 81 (215) 297 (300) 401 (294) 42 (173) 0.296
1Wilcoxon rank-sign test comparing change from baseline to 12 weeks between Education only versus Yoga with Education
Table 3: Metabolic parameters at baseline and 12 weeks by intervention group (median, IQR).