diabetes non-diabetes p
metabolic syndrome 32.6 7.0 <0.0001
high fasting plasma glucose 51.2 9.3 <0.0001
high body mass index 39.5 18.5 0.0005
high blood pressure 62.8 53.3 0.2
high triglycerides 32.6 12.7 0.0001
low HDL cholesterol 18.6 7.8 0.01
*defined as the clustering of three or more of the following components: 1) high body mass index (BMI): BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, 2) high blood pressure (BP): systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 85 mmHg and/or antihypertensive medication, 3) high triglycerides: triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/L, 4) low HDL cholesterol: HDL cholesterol < 1.0 mmol/L in men and < 1.3 mmol/L in women, and 5) high fasting plasma glucose (FPG): FPG ≥ 5.6 mmol/L
Table 2: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome *and its components by incident diabetes.