odds ratio * (95% confidence interval) p
metabolic syndrome 5.39 (2.72-10.7) <0.0001
fasting plasma glucose ≥ 5.6 mmol/L 9.52 (5.08-17.9) <0.0001
body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 2.98 (1.59-5.58) 0.0006
high blood pressure † 1.17 (0.61-2.24) 0.6
triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/L 3.07 (1.59-5.92) 0.0008
low HDL cholesterol # 1.88 (0.76-4.67) 0.2
hemoglobin A1c ≥ 6.0% 33.5 (13.0-86.4) <0.0001
alanine aminotransferase ≥ 22 U/L 2.05 (1.10-3.83) 0.02
*for the positive status compared with the negative status adjusted for age, sex, and drinking status, †systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg and/or antihypertensive medication, #< 1.0 mmol/L in men and < 1.3 mmol/L in women
Table 4: Odds ratios of incident diabetes for categorical variables.