Anion Exchange
Membrane
(Manufacturer)

Cation
exchange
membrane
(Manufacturer)

Anode

Cathode
(catalyst)

Anode
(Acetate/xy
lose, g/l)

Desalination
g/l [Media]

Cathode Medium

Desalination

COD
removal

Open circuit
voltage

Power
Density

Ref.

AnAEM, DF120,
Tianwei
Membrane

CMI7000,
Membranes
International

Carbon felt

Carbon
felt

1.6

5-35

Ferricyanide

(94-88%)

NA

700 mV

2 W/m2

36

AMI-7001,
Membranes
International Inc,
2)
R-5500, Solvay
Advanced
Polymers

CMI-7000,
Membranes
International

Ammoniatreated14
carbon
cloth
(BASF,
NJ).

carbon
cloth
(platinum)

1 or 2

5-20 (Water)

50 mM PBS

43-67%

77%

NA

480
mW/m2

40

AMI-7001,
Membrane
International, Inc

CMI-7000,
Membrane
International
Inc

Graphite
granul

Carbon
cloth+Pt

4

30 g/l
(Water)

 

99%

NA

 

30.8 W/m3

46

AMI-7001,
Membrane
International Inc

CMI-7000,
Membrane
International
Inc

Carbon
brush

Carbon
Cloth+Pt

3

35 g/l
(artificial sea
water)

 

94.3%; 73.8
%

92%

 

28.9, 11.1
W/m3

45

AR204-SZRA-412

CR67-HMR-
412

Heat
treated
graphite
brush

carbon
cloth(PTF
E)

2 g/l

50 mM (Na+,
50 mM
Mg2+, and 50
mM Ca2+,50
mM Cl−, 50
mM Br−)
50 mM
SO4
2−

100 mM PBS

13%-29%

25%

 

660 mA/m2

73

AMI 7001

CMI 7000

heated
graphite

carbon
cloth

WW

5.85 (Water)

Ferricyanide

66%

 

CCV=700
mV,
R=1000Ω

8.01 W/m3

42

DF120, Tianwei

CMI7000,
Membrane
International)

carbon
graphite
fiber
brushes

carbon
cloth

carbon
cloth

20 (Water)

25 mM or 50 mM
PBS

39%-25%

 

CCV=500
mV, R=1000
Ω

931
mW/m2

41

AMV, Asahi
glass

CMV , Asahi
glass

graphite
fiber
granules

platinum
nanopartic
le
catalysts

1 g/l

35 (Water)

Synthetic sea
water

98%

   

800-
1140 mW/m2

43

DF120, Tianwei
Membrane

CMI 7000,
Membranes International

carbon felt

carbon
cloth (platinum)

1.64

20 (Water)

PBS

99%

 

7.43 mA

37

AMI-7001S,
Membranes
International

(CMI-7000S,
Membranes
International

Graphite rod
pushed to
carbon felt

Graphite
rod pushed
to carbon
felt

1.6

35(water)

Aerobic
biocathode

56.2, 92.0%

609 mV

0.94 W/m2

126

AEM, DF120,
Tianwei

CEM, Ultrex
CMI7000,
Membrane
International)

carbon
graphite
fiber
brushes

carbon
cloth(
with
platinum)

xylose
(1 g/l)

20 g/l NaCl

50 mM PBS

12%, Salt
removal:
97 ± 1% at
an HRT = 2
days
76 ± 1% at
an HRT = 1
day

   

860 ± 11
mW m2

127

AMI-7001,
Membranes
International Inc.,

CMI-7000,
Membranes
International
Inc

carbon
fiber felt

carbon
fiber felt

 

700, 100
mg/l

with potassium
ferricyanide,

     

360
mW/m2

128

AEM, Membranes
International

CEM,
Membranes
International

Carbon brush

Carbon
cloth+Pt

Treated
WW from
OsMFC
with 1g/l
Sodium
acetate

10-35-50
g/l (catholyte
of OsMFC

Acidified water,
salt water, anode
effluent

95%-85%

85%

 

12.45 W/m3

129

AEM, AMI-7001,
Membrane
International

CEM, CMI-
7000,
Membrane
International

Carbon brush

Carbon
Cloth+Pt

2 g/l

6 g/l

Acidified water

42%-58%

NA

3 MDC in
Series=3.25
V,
3 MDC in
parallel=1.14
V

72 mW,
62 mW

130

Table 1: Materials and performances of MDC studies.