Parameter Controls (n: 48) Patients (n:81) P Value
Age (years) 58.1 ± 4.7 61.1 ± 5.8 0.9
Males/females 31/17 47/34 0.1
BMI (Kg/m2) 24.1 ± 2.7 23.3 ± 3.2 0.02
Smoking History (%) 0 Smokers: 44 (54.3%) Ex-Smokers: (34.5%) Non-smokers: 9 (11.1%) NA
Albumin (g/L) 39.1 ± 3.2 32.9 ± 5.6* 0.03
Corrected calcium (mmol/L) 2.2 ± 0.09 2.19 ± 0.12 0.1
Sodium(mmol/L) 139.6 ± 3.3 135.7 ± 11.1 0.73
Potassium(mmol/L) 4.1 ± 0.32 4.4±0.47 0.1
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.55 ± 0.65 4.2 ± 0.67 0.8
TG (mmol/L) 0.82 ± 0.29 1.35 ± 0.62 0.001
BUN (mmol/L) 5.1 ± 1.17 5.2 ± 1.08 0.8
Creatinine (µmol/L) 77.3 ± 12.4 80.8 ± 12.1 0.7
Iron(µmol/L) 20.7 ± 4.3 8.1 ± 3.6 0.001
Hb (g/dl) 14.7 ± 1.2 13.3 ± 2.4* 0.021
Leucocytic /cmm3 5.6 ± 1.2 7.2 ± 2.5 0.002
phosphorous(mmol/L) 1.31 ± 0.21 .94 ± 0.270 0.01
ALP (U/L) 84.82 ± 22.15 118.90 ± 40.8** 0.009
25 OH Vitamin D (ng/ml)) 11.8 ± 3.7 10.0 ± 4.5 0.575
CRP (mg/L) 3.2 ± 1.4 3.8 ± 1.9 0.001
Random glucose (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 0.5 5.6 ± 1.2 0.02
Prealbumin (mg/L) 260.2 ± 59.9 199.9 ± 52.9 0.018
Data are presented as Mean ±SD for normally distributed variables
BMI : Body mass index
Hb: Hemoglobin BUN: Blood urea nitrogen ALP: Alkaline phosphatase, NA: not available
* = Significant difference versus the control group (P<0.05)
** = Significant difference versus the control group (P<0.05)
Table 2: Clinical and Biochemical parameters of the studied groups.