No of patients Indication surgical procedure before stenting No of procedures before stenting maybe surgical alternative to stenting
7 short stenosis 1 end to end resection 1 end-to-end resection or tracheotomy
5 compresssion by struma     strumectomie and possibly tracheotomy
5 complex stenosis tracheal reconstruction using cadaveral homograft trachea
Tracheo-bronchoplastic reconstruction
2 sequentielly in one patient
2 sequentielly in one  patient
lung transplantation
lung transplantation
1 distal stricture     carinal resection
1 compression¬† due to aneurysm of aortic arch     aortic arch graft
Table 1: Successful stenting patients n = 19.