Calculated vibrational frequencies of L-Valine
S. No Symmetry Species Cs Observed Frequency(cm-1) FTIR    FTRaman Methods Vibrational  Assignments
HF B3LYP B3PW91
6-311+G (d, p) 6-31+G (d, p) 6-311+G (d, p) 6-31+G (d, p) 6-311+G (d, p)
1 A 3550w - 3662 3551 3550 3547 3551 (O-H)  υ
2 A 3460s 3460m 3458 3455 3462 3472 3470 (N-H)  υ
3 A 3350s 3350m 3373 3351 3347 3348 3340 (N-H)  υ
4 A 2970s 2970vs 2976 2986 2967 2965 2970 (C-H) υ
5 A 2930vs - 2922 2934 2918 2917 2941 (C-H) υ
6 A 2920vs 2920s 2911 2922 2906 2906 2936 (C-H) υ
7 A - 2910vs 2900 2915 2898 2900 2925 (C-H) υ
8 A 2890s 2890s 2868 2863 2903 2840 2877 (C-H) υ
9 A 2880s - 2855 2856 2895 2834 2871 (C-H) υ
10 A 2860s - 2851 2854 2851 2832 2862 (C-H) υ
11 A 2850s - 2846 2841 2837 2820 2844 (C-H) υ
12 A 1710m - 1834 1732 1727 1731 1727 (C=O) υ
13 A 1620vs 1620w 1629 1618 1619 1620 1620 (O-H) δ
14 A - 1495s 1483 1486 1483 1494 1503 (N-H) δ
15 A 1465vs - 1466 1468 1467 1466 1470 (N-H) δ
16 A - 1460s 1462 1460 1459 1457 1456 (CH3) α
17 A - 1450vs 1452 1452 1451 1449 1446 (CH3
18 A 1400vs - 1401 1405 1405 1404 1395 (CH3) α
19 A 1395vs - 1397 1388 1394 1394 1393 (CH3) α
20 A 1375vs - 1380 1368 1383 1374 1374 (O-H) γ
21 A 1370vs - 1371 1366 1372 1361 1373 (C-N)  υ
22 A 1350vs 1350m 1352 1348 1353 1343 1347 (C-H)  δ
23 A 1325s - 1314 1337 1320 1334 1323 (C-H)  δ
24 A 1270s 1270w 1267 1277 1262 1272 1279 (C-O)  υ
25 A 1190m - 1190 1188 1191 1197 1181 (C-H)  δ
26 A - 1170m 1179 1171 1180 1180 1171 (C-H)  δ
27 A 1165m - 1163 1165 1167 1164 1161 (C-H)  δ
28 A 1140m 1140m 1126 1145 1130 1133 1141 (C-H)  δ
29 A 1105vw - 1092 1106 1105 1115 1115 (C-H)  δ
30 A - 1050vs 1041 1044 1047 1052 1054 (C-C)  υ
31 A 940m 940s 931 945 939 932 930 (C-C-N) υ
32 A - 935s 937 940 953 943 933 C-(CH3) υ
33 A 900w - 908 911 899 924 902 (C-C)  υ (N-H) γ
34 A - 870vs 885 864 869 868 869 (N-H) γ
35 A 850w - 842 838 840 846 852 (C-H) γ
36 A - 820m 811 792 805 832 828 (C-H) γ
37 A 720s - 727 774 776 773 767 (C-H) γ
38 A 710s   697 705 720 713 708 (C-H) γ
39 A 560s 560w 589 564 552 567 628 (C-H) γ
40 A - 500w 512 541 518 542 511 (C-H) γ
41 A 450m - 450 450 431 449 443 (C-H) γ
42 A - 390w 395 384 386 383 387 (C-C) δ (C-H) γ
43 A - 360w 365 360 361 364 363 (C-C) δ
44 A - 340w 339 341 340 332 337 (CO2) γ
45 A - 310w 325 329 324 325 316 C-(CH3)  δ
46 A - 280w 278 273 273 286 269 (C-C)  γ (C-N) γ
47 A - 220w 249 234 234 232 221 C-(CH3) γ
48 A - 210w 209 216 215 215 199 (CH3) τ
49 A - 200w 195 202 191 202 185 (CH3) τ
50 A - 150w 74 78 70 79 74 (NH2)  τ
51 A - 140w 60 41 41 41 39 (C=O-OH) τ
VS –Very strong; S – Strong; m- Medium; w – weak; as - Asymmetric; s – symmetric; υ – stretching; α –deformation, δ - In plane bending; γ - out plane bending; τ – Twisting
Table 2: Observed and HF and DFT (B3LYP & B3PW91) with 6-31+G(d,p) & 6-311+G (d,p) level.