HAL p LAP p LESS p
RIGHT (N=73) -- RIGHT (N=36) LEFT (N=36) RIGHT (N=13) LEFT (N=13)
Intraoperative Complications, n (%) 3 (4.1%) -- -- 2 (5.6%) 2 (5.6%) 1.0 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1.0
Conversion to Open/HAL, n (%%) 1 (1.4%) -- -- 1 (2.8%) 0 (0%) 1.0 1 (7.7%) 1 (7.7%) 1.0
Type of Injury n (%): Liver laceration Splenic laceration Adrenal vein injury Renal artery injury Accessory artery injury Renal vein injury Inferior vena cava injury 1 (1.4%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (1.4%)
0 (0%)
1 (1.4%)
-- --   0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
1 (2.8%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
-- 0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
--
Postoperative Complications, n (%) 4 (5.5%) -- -- 3 (8.3%) 4 (11.1%) 1.0 1 (7.7%) 2 (15.3%) 0.38
Postoperative Complication, n (%): I-II (minor%) III-V (major%) 4 (5.5%)
0 (0%)
-- -- 2 (5.6%)
1 (2.8%)
 3 (8.3%)
1 (2.8%)
1.0 1 (7.7%)
0 (0%)
2 (15.3%)
0 (0%)
1.0
Type of Postoperative Complications, n (%): Wound Genitourinary ID Hematological Gastrointestinal Ophthalmic 1 (1.4%)
1 (1.4%)
2 (2.7%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
-- -- 1 (2.8%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (2.8%)
1 (2.8%)
1 (2.8%)
1 (2.8%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
-- 0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (7.7%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (7.7%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
0 (0%)
1 (7.7%)
0 (0%)
--

HAL: hand-assisted laparoscopy, LAP: standard laparsopcy, LESS: laparoendoscopic single site surgery
Table 4: Complications Data.