Group of quails
Journey time VE  (n=40) AA   (n=40) Control (n=40) Sedentary (n=40)
Pre-transportationx 40.8 ± 0.5 40.4 ± 0.2 40.6 ± 0.2 40.8 ± 0.1
30 min 41.0 ± 0.3 42.0 ± 0.3 42.6 ± 0.6 40.7 ± 0.2
1 h 40.5 ± 0.2 41.7 ± 0.3 42.5 ± 0.8 40.8 ± 0.3
2 h 40.6 ± 0.1 41.2 ± 0.5 42.4 ± 0.2 41.0 ± 0.2
Mean  ±  SEM 40.7 ± 0.2a 41.3 ± 0.6b 42.5 ± 0.4c 40.8 ± 0.4a
∆CT -0.1 0.8 1.8 0.0
Mean values with different superscripts within a row differ significantly (P <0.05). Note: ΔCT=CT at 2 h – CT at pre-transportation; x= not included in calculation of mean values.
Table 1: Colonic temperature (°C) responses of quails to 2-h transportation and administration of vitamin E and ascorbic acid.