Group

Yoga

Support

Variable

1st day

Last day

1st day

Last day

Depression (CES-D)

33.0 (10.2)

23.82 (9.3)

35.1 (9.8)

25.24 (10.4)

  • Depressed

9.9 (3.6)

6.44 (3.5)

10.1 (13.3)

6.74 (3.4)

  • Somatic/vegetative

10.7 (3.7)

7.54 (3.5)

11.3 (3.7)

8.44 (3.7)

  • Positive affect

5.1 (2.5)

4.92 (2.6)

6.3 (2.7)

4.72 (2.7)

  • Interpersonal distress

2.6 (1.9)

1.94 (1.8)

2.7 (2.0)

2.03 (2.0)

Depression (EPDS)

12.5 (5.0)

8.53 (5.3)

16.4 (4.5)

11.53 (6.5)

Depression (POMS)

26.7 (13.9)

18.84 (13.2)

27.3 (14.0)

22.14 (16.5)

Anxiety (STAI)

55.0 (8.8)

48.34 (8.1)

53.4 (7.8)

47.44 (8.4)

Anger (STAXI)

25.0 (7.5)

20.94 (8.0)

22.4 (7.3)

20.74 (7.0)

Relationship Quality

0.4 (0.9)

0.61 (0.7)

0.2 (0.9)

0.51 (0.7)

*Superscripts in column 2=1st day last day differences for yoga group and in column 4 for 1st day last day differences for support group (Superscripts 1p=0.05, 2p=0.01, 3p=0.005, 4p=0.001)
Table 3: Mean scores (and standard deviations in parentheses) for long-term (1st vs. last day) effects of yoga versus support group participation.