Characteristic  
Age N (%)
<41
41-48
48-55
≥55
25 (26)
21 (22)
26 (27)
23 (24)
Race  
     Black 52 (55)
     White 17 (18)
     Other 26 (27)
Hispanic 9 (9)
U.S. Born 75 (79)
Language spoken at home
English
Other
81 (85)
14 (15)
Insurance   
Public
Private
None
53 (56)
41 (44)
1 (1)
Education
Some high school
High school graduate
Some college
College graduate
Graduate school
9 (9)
24 (25)
21 (22)
29 (31)
12 (13)
Income
≤ $30,000
$30-70,000
> $70,000
Declined
57 (60)
24 (25)
9 (9)
5 (5)
Employed     42 (44)
Pain Duration >1 year 72 (23)
Any medication use in the last week     69 (73)
Sciatica 33 (35)
Satisfied with previous back pain care 17 (19)
Previous yoga use 12 (12)
Any previous CAM use   51 (53)
Note: due to rounding, not all percentages total 100%. See Saper et. al. for additional/prior published population description [11]
Table 1: Baseline characteristics of 95 adults with chronic low back pain.