HAL LAP LESS
Number of cases, n 29 9 4
Gender (%)      
    Male 65.5 77.8 50
    Female 34.5 22.2 50
Age (years)c 61.7 (16.75) 55.6 (12.45) 32.8 (13.67)
Weight (kg)c 90.3 (25.7) 93.3 (20.2) 88.0(29.5)
BMI (kg/m2)c 30.5 (7.88) 29.9 (4.28) 28.5 (5.94)
Smoking History (%)      
    Current smoker 10.3 33.3 50
    Former smoker 34.5 22.2 0
    Nonsmoker 55.2 44.5 50
Indication (%)      
    Oncologic 89.7 100 25
    Non-oncologic 10.3 0 75
Pathology (%)      
    Oncologic 86.2 66.7 0
    Non-oncologic 13.8 33.3 100
Operative side (%)      
    Right 34.5 55.6 25
    Left 65.5 44.4 75
Comorbidities (%)      
Yes 13.8 100 50
No 86.2 0 50
Previous abdominal surgery (%) 65.5 55.6 50
American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Scorec 2.93 (0.53) 2.67 (0.50) 2.50 (0.58)
Operative Time (OT)c 129.7 (28.16) 130.8 (32.02) 143.5 (35.71)
Estimated Blood Loss (mL)c 124.3 (105.4) 70.6 (60.9) 37.5 (14.4)
Converted (%) 0 0 0
Length of Stay (LOS)c 3.34 (0.90) 2.22 (1.20) 2.25 (2.50)
Postoperative Complication (%) 11.5 0 25
cMean (Standard Deviation)
Table 2: Institutional cases.