Organisms MMAL
(mg/mL)
AqACL
(mg/mL)
EACL
(mg/mL)
Ciprofloxacin
(µg/mL)
Ketoconazole
(µg/mL)
S. aureus 8.0 2.5 3.0 0.25 nd
B. subtilis 6.0 3.0 4.0 0.10 nd
E. coli 8.0 10.0 6.0 0.13 nd
P. aeruginosa 10.0 10.0 4.0 0.25 nd
C. albicans 6.0 3.0 4.0 nd 5.0
MMAL=Methanol leaf extract of M. arboreus; AqACL=Aqueous leaf extract of A. cordifolia; EACL=Ethanol leaf extract of A. cordifolia; nd=not determined
Table 3: Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of extracts.