Author, year Patient no Frequency:MHz Power (W) temperature
(℃)
Time
(min)
Pain (VAS) Function Complications Comments
Center Surface
Guo2009 (23) 31 2450 20-80     5-30 Pain disappeared:6;alleviated:7 Excellent:9; fine:18; fair: 4    
Zhang2012 (24) 9 2450 800 108-120 50- 60 30- 40   Fine:7,fare :2    
Fan 2009 (25) 152 2450   70-80   30   Fine:129;fare: 15, Recurrence:17; infection: 6;frature 2; cartilage lesion4  
Zhu 2008 (26) 12 2450   50-85   30 preop:5.5;postop:3.5 Fine 7; fair: 5   Spinal tumors
Wei 2008 (27) 18 2450   100 50 20-30   Excellent:14;fine:2;fair:1; worse:1   Knee lesions
Wang 2012 (28) 32 2450   80       Fine: 28;fare: 4   GCT
Hu2011(14) 17 2450     50 20   Fine: 9; fare:1; worse: 7    
Zhang 2012(29) 5 2450 80-120         Excellent: 2;fine:1    
Yang 2012 (30) 73 2450 80-100   50 20-30     Fracture 4; deep infection:2; necrosis in edge of skin:8  
Zhang 2011(31)   2450 80-120 >50 50 20-30   Excellent:5;fine:4,same 1    
Ren2013 (32) 11 2450 800 80   20   Excellent:8; fine:3 Recurrence:1 GCT
Zhou 2002 (33) 46 2450 800           Recurrence:2;infection:2 GCT
Fan2009 (34) 309 2450   70-80   30     Recurrence:37;fracture:25;infection:9  
Basile 2013(35) 7 2450 20     2 Preop:2-6;Postop: 1     Osteoosteoma
Kastler2013(36) 15 2450 30-1800     16 Preop:7.2±0.97;
Postop:1.64±1.87
     
Table1: Studies on the application of microwave ablation on bone tumors