University of Punjab, Pakistan
Title: Beliefs about addiction, locus of control and relapse proneness in persons with substance use disorders (PSUD’s)
Naumana Amjad, Associate Professor at Institute of Applied Psychology, University of Punjab has been teaching for last 22 years, supervising undergraduate, MPhil and PhD level research. She obtained PhD from University of Warwick, UK in Psychology through the prestigious Annemarie Schimmel Scholarship. Her PhD research focused on understanding, prevention and control of individual and group aggressive behaviour and attitudes. She is President of Pakistan Psychological Association, Lahore Chapter. She started a self-help/ support group for families of addicts and actively supports Narcotics Anonymous Pakistan, a group of recovering addicts towards creating awareness about recovery. Recently completed research projects include: Emotional strengths and adversarial growth among families of addicts, Personal and interpersonal factors of first time drug use, relapse proneness scale. She has 2 books in process titled “Inside the Rehabs of Lahore” and a Monograph, “Addiction Research in Pakistan”.
The present study explored the relationship between beliefs about addiction of treatment providers, beliefs about addiction of persons with substance use disorders (PSUD’s), locus of control of PSUD’s and relapse proneness of PSUD’s. The sample was comprised of 120 PSUD’s and 17 treatment providers contingent upon availability. Self made demographic information sheet, Addiction Belief Scale (ABS) and Addiction Belief inventory (ABI), Drug Related Locus of Control Scale (DRLOC) and Advance Warning of Relapse Questionnaire (AWARE) was used to measure the desired variables. A series of partial correlations and hierarchical regression analyses revealed association between beliefs about addiction of treatment providers on disease model and beliefs about addiction of PSUD’s on inability to control aspect of disease model when controlling for education of treatment providers and education of PSUD’s. Moreover the relationship between beliefs about addiction of treatment providers and relapse proneness of PSUD’s was mediated by inability to control, responsibility for action, responsibility for recovery and genetic basis aspect of the beliefs about addiction of PSUD’s and the relationship between beliefs about addiction of PSUD’s and relapse proneness of PSUD’s was moderated by drug related locus of control of PSUD’s. The present study can help to set an obstinate ground for the planning of relevant relapse prevention strategies.
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