Amit Saha

Amit Saha

National Dairy Development Board, India

Title: Dairy development in Maharashtra state, India and internal trade


Amit Saha has completed his PhD from National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal and postdoctoral studies from Federal Agriculture Research Center, Germany. He is worked with FAO as a consultant in the PPLPI project in smallholder dairy development in Asia. He is presently serving as manager of NDDB, a premier Dairy Development organization which started the Operation Flood programme to lead to White Revolution in India. He has published more than 10 papers in reputed journals and serving as a referee in Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Mumbai, India.


Milk production in Maharashtra at 239.3 LKGPD in 2012-13, places at 7th position in India. With average annual growth rate of 3.5% during 2001-2010, milk production is growing with almost an equal contribution by population and yield growth. With a boom in economic growth, rising urbanization and increase in income, it is estimated that milk and dairy consumption demand will be 352 LLPD in 2020. To meet the demand through local production, will mean increasing the growth rate of milk production to 5.2% from existing 3.5%. With the existing situation of high feed and fodder deficit, increasing milk production by increasing the population of bovine animals does not seem to be a sustainable solution. Hence, the onus lies in increasing the milk yield growth rate from existing 1.4% to 5%. The present dairy services scenario is not that promising to able to achieve this feat. The coverage of breedable population is only 17% and this has not changed significantly since a decade. Milk production in Maharashtra is clearly demarcated in terms of Milk production zones, Milk deficit zones and Milk consuming centres. This kind of imbalance, could serve as an impetus for intra-state transfer of products, technologies and services.