Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology,Ghana
Title: Hypertension among University workers
Dr. Fred Yaw Bio was born in Kumasi, Ghana to Opanin Yaw Bio and Maame Akua Bramuo. He had his General Certificate of Educational Ordinary Level Education at Osei Kyeretwie Secondary School in Kumasi from 1969 to 1974 and his Advanced Level education at Prempeh College in Kumasi from 1974 to 1976. He entered the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi in 1976 and obtained a Bachelor of Science (Human Biology) degree in 1980 and Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery in 1983. He had his internship training at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi from 1983 to 1984, and then as a Medical Officer till 1985 when he moved to the Suntresu Urban Health Centre (now Suntresu Hospital) as a Medical Officer. He joined the Prestea Goldfields Limited in 1987, as the second doctor of the mine’s one hundred bed hospital and was promoted to a senior medical officer in 1990. He was at the Institute of Occupational and Radiological Health in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in 1990 for his Certificate in Toxicology In 1992, he became the senior medical officer solely in charge of the Prestea Goldfields Health Services. He was appointed a Senior Medical Officer in the KNUST Hospital in 1995. In 1998, he went to study at The University of Leeds, UK, for his Master of Public Health (MPH) and then to The University of Birmingham, UK, from 1999-2003 for a PhD in Occupational Health. He was appointed Director of the University Health Services in October 2005 and an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry, New Jersey (UMDNJ), USA in June 2011. He is also on part-time at the Department of Community Health, School of Medical Sciences, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana Dr Yaw Bio is a Consultant Public/Occupational Health Physician, a member of the Ghana Medical Association (GMA) and the international Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) and a Fellow of the Ghana College of Physicians and Surgeons.
Introduction: The prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension are important epidemiological research topics worldwide. This study was conducted as part of assessment of the general well being of the staff of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) in Kumasi, Ghana to determine the prevalence of hypertension. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, the blood pressure (BP) of members of staff was measured with the University sphygmo manometer. BP readings 140/90 mm Hg or higher was considered as hypertensive BP, whilst a systolic reading of 140 mm Hg with a lower diastolic reading (≤90 mm Hg) and vice versa were considered as isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) or isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) respectively. Analysis of data was by SPSS version 17. Results: A total of 2057 members of staff of KNUST were studied. Of these, 36.9% were found to have hypertension, Isolated Diastolic Hypertension (IDH) or Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH). The highest prevalence of abnormal blood pressures was found among senior members (43%) followed by senior staffs (37.5%) and junior staff making up 26%. Males were more likely to have higher blood pressures than females of comparable age groups. The age group 41-50 years had the highest number of abnormal blood pressures in all three staff categories. Discussion: This study provides first hand information on the groups that need to be targeted and given further medical attention in a follow-up. Social status does contribute to the risk of hypertension, although everyone is at risk. The improvement of the management of hypertension should decrease the cardiovascular risk in the hypertensive population.