Navsari Agricultural University, India
Title: Ratoon and intercropping techniques in Brinjal and Okra
Pravin Kumar Modi completed his B.Sc Agriculture from Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner and M.Sc. Horticulture from S.D. Agricultural University, S.K. Nagar (Gujarat) on effect of Born and Zinc on growth, flowering behaviour, yield and quality of papaya cv. Honey Dew. He is presently working as Subject matter Specialist, Horticulture at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Navsari Agricultural University, Vyara, Tapi (Gujarat). He published 3 books, 1research paper and number of articles in magazine’s.
Generally okra and brinjal crops remain under reproductive stage 4-5 month but enhance their reproductive life more than 9 months, earliar and higher yield as well as save seeds, fertilizers, labours and other inputs by ratton cropping . Ratton crop of okra and brinjal also support to creeper vegetables as an intercrop i.e. cucumber, bitter gourd etc. due to that increase yield and quality of fruits of cucumber and bitter gourd as compare to sole crop on flat land. In brinjal main crop plating in the month of March and production start from the second week of May to August month till 15 ton/ha production. Then after cut the brinjal plants upto 1 and ½ feet from the base and planting of cucumber and bitter gourd as an intercrop in ratton brinjal. From intercrop production 6 ton/ha each cucumber and brinjal with good quality because ratton brinjal branches/shoots support to creepers due that creeper fruits not directly contact with the soil. In ratton crop branches more than 3-4 and additional yield within 3 and ½ month 4 ton/ha. In okra main crop plating in the month of March and production start from the second week of May to first week of August month till 8 ton/ha production. Then after cut okra plants upto 2 feet from the base and cucumber grown as intercrop in ratton okra and production of intercrop 10 ton/ha with good quality because ratton okra branches/shoots support to creepers due to that fruits on gourds not directly contact with the soil as well as branches of main crop used as mulching and plants not contaminate by fungal attack from soil. In ratton crop branches more than 4-5 and additional yield within 3 and ½ month 2.5 ton/ha.
Keywords: Rattoning, intercropping, creeper vegetables, brinjal and okra.