Male infertility is multifaceted and more than one factor may contribute to the etiology. One of the most common features of idiopathic male infertility is testicular malfunction. Normal spermatogenesis is a result of normal testicular anatomy, histology, physiology and proper hormonal regulation through the pituitary gonadal axis. Disturbances in any of these features may lead to testicular malfunction and abnormal semen parameters.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on October, 2020