|Varicocele is known as dilatation of the pampiniform plexus of the spermatic cord and has long been thought to be related with male infertility. It is assessed that 10-15% of men and adolescent boys have varicoceles, and in men with irregular semen analysis, the occurrence of varicocele reached 25%. In fact varicocele is the most commonly seen and correctable cause of male factor infertility. The aetiology and pathophysiology of varicocele is difficult and likely multifactorial.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.