In general population, rapid aging is parallel increasing with volume of elderly patients requiring anesthesia and surgery. Geriatric anesthesia involves with the study of anesthesia approaches in elderly. Anesthetic agents act more sensitively towards elderly patients. In order to achieve desired clinical effect less medication is usually more preferable. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics aspects of anesthetic management also with the geriatric patients. Surgery to the Geriatric patients involves by checking the consequences and impact on common comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease on physiologic reserve. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on September, 2014