alexa A grand mal seizure | Argentina | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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A Grand Mal Seizure

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  • A grand mal seizure

    Introduction

    A grand mal seizure is also known as a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Grand mal seizures affect the entire brain. A grand mal seizure (Tonic–clonic seizure) is divided into two phases, the tonic phase and the clonic phase.

  • A grand mal seizure

    Epidemiology

    In tonic phase, the patient will quickly lose consciousness, and the skeletal muscles will suddenly tense, which will cause the patient to fall if standing or sitting. It usually lasts for few seconds. While in clonic phase muscles will start to contract and relax rapidly, causing convulsions.

  • A grand mal seizure

    Treatment and Statistics

    For treatment of grand mal seizures (generalized tonic-clonic seizures) a number of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used for. Electroconvulsive therapy can be induced to treat grand mal seizure. Annual incidence has been estimated at 0.7 to 4.6/100,000 people in the general population, and 6 to 8/100,000 in children aged 0 to 15 years.

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