Alveolar Osteitis is a painful dental condition that can occur after you have a permanent adult tooth extracted. Dry socket is the most common complication following tooth extractions, such as the removal of impacted wisdom teeth. If you develop dry socket, the pain usually begins three to four days after your tooth is removed. Dry socket occurs when the blood clot at the site of the tooth extraction has been dislodged or has dissolved before the wound has healed. Exposure of the underlying bone and nerves results in intense pain, not only in the socket but also along the nerves radiating to the side of your face.
Dry socket may include Severe pain within a few days after a tooth extraction, partial or total loss of the blood clot at the tooth extraction site, which you may notice as an empty-looking socket, visible bone in the socket, pain that radiates from the socket to your ear, eye, temple or neck on the same side of your face as the extraction, bad breath or a foul odor coming from your mouth, unpleasant taste in your mouth, swollen lymph nodes around your jaw or neck and slight fever.
Antibacterial mouthwashes or gels immediately before and after surgery, oral antibiotics, particularly if you have a compromised immune system, antiseptic solutions applied to the wound, medicated dressings applied after surgery, stop smoking before your extraction because smoking and using other tobacco products increase your risk of dry socket, may help in preventing dry socket. Treatment of dry socket focuses on reducing symptoms, particularly pain which includes flushing out the socket, medicated dressings, pain medication and self-care.