Anxiety is a normal human emotion that everyone experiences at times. Many people feel anxious, or nervous, when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision. They can cause such distress that it interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life. For people with anxiety disorders, worry and fear are constant and overwhelming, and can be crippling. There are several types of anxiety disorders including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder.
General symptoms include Feelings of panic, fear, and uneasiness, Problems sleeping, Cold or sweaty hands and/or feet, Shortness of breath, An inability to be still and calm.The pathophysiology for anxiety is not clearly understood, but some of the causes for anxiety may be abnormal responses to stress, multiple neurotransmitter involvement, neurohormone alterations, sleep disturbances, and chromosomal and genetic factors. They have identified changes in flow of cerebral blood in response to stress and increased metabolic activity suggesting hyperactive brain circuitry.
Self-treatment for anxiety: Learn to replace "negative self-talk" with "coping self-talk." Talk with a person who is supportive. To Meditate and exercise is best way for the treatment. Counseling: psychological counseling is a standard method of treating anxiety. This can include cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, or a combination of therapies. Medicines to treat anxiety: They are different medicines for treating anxiety such as antidepressants, benzodiazepines, tricyclics, and beta-blockers are used to control some of the physical and mental symptoms. In Argentina about 14.9 percent of youth experiences moderate anxiety or depression. Out of 100,000 youth population 60 percent are male and 40 percent are females suffering from anxiety disorder.