Bleedind disorder is a set of disorders, or disease which normally affect the process of clotting of our blood. This bleeding can be in many cases like during an accident, trauma condition, surgery, injury or a menstrual cycle. These bleeding disorders are not only associated with bloods leaving out from our body, rather it can also be an internal bleeding beneath our skin or brain. These may be hemophilia A and B or Willebrand’s disease for example. Sometimes this disease is also termed as royal disease.
The main symptom of bleeding disorder would be excessive bleeding and prolonged clotting time during normal injuries also. These can also easily identified by frequent nose bleeding, heavy menstrual bleeding and unexplained bruishing.
There are mainly two common type of instant treatment available for bleeding disorder, which is iron supplementation or clotting factor repalacement and blood transfusion. These are the therapeutic aspect, but extended research is in progress in various countries, where this disease has a greater prevalence rate.
According to a study in argentina findings were: type 1: 91%, type 2A: 3.1%, severe vWD: 1.3%; type 2N: 1.6%; type low intraplatelet: 2.7%; combined 1+ 2N: 0.3%. Blood group O prevalence was 70.5%. Bleeding and transfusion requirements were not correlated to blood groups. The most frequent symptoms were: ecchymoses-hematomas and epistaxis and, in females over 13 years, also menorrhagia. Normal levels of factor VIII:C were found in 38.4% of the patients. DDAVP was infused in 567 patients with a good response in 80.6%. About 9% of our patients needed transfusion therapy. The diagnosis of von Willebrand's disease is more likely in subjects belonging to families with type 2A disease than in members of families with type 1 vWD in spite of these being symptomatic.
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