Chlamydia infection is a common sexually transmitted infection in humans caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is a major infectious cause of human genital and eye disease.Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. In men, infection by C. trachomatis can lead to inflammation of the penile urethra causing a white discharge from the penis with or without a burning sensation during urination.Whereas women will have infection of the cervix without symptoms and may not realize they are infected. It later spreads to upper genital tract in women.Chlamydia can usually be effectively treated with antibiotics. More than 95% of people will be cured if they take their antibiotics correctly. Most commonly prescribed antibiotics for chlamydia are azithromycin and doxycycline.
In cases of reactive thrombocytosis low dose of aspirin is administered to minimize the risk of thrombocytosis. Extremely high platelet counts in primary thrombocytosis can be treated with hydroxyurea which is an cytoreducing agent or anagrelide.