Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) refer to the practice of screening every new born for hearing loss prior to hospital discharge. Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) refers to the practice of screening every newborn for hearing loss prior to hospital discharge. There are over 297,900 births in Australia annually. All States and Territories in Australia have universal neonatal hearing screening .
Infants not passing the screening receive diagnostic evaluation before three months of age and, when necessary, are enrolled in early intervention programs by six months of age. Hearing screening lowers the age of diagnosis of permanent hearing loss. The National Framework recognises that the development of neonatal hearing screening has developed separately across jurisdictions with various levels of sophistication.