The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
A marked increase in the coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality of working-age (35-64 years) men and women occurred in Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s. CHD is the leading cause of death in men. In 1978, Argentine men had also one of the highest CHD mortality rates (603.9/100,000) in international mortality statistics and Argentine women (155.2/100,000) were also at the top of these statistics.