Lip cancer is the most common form of oral cancer, and affects mostly men. There are two types of lip cancer: squamous cell and basal cell. The most common type of lip cancer begins in the squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and mouth. Lip cancer symptoms are very similar to those of other types of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent toothache.
Other symptoms and signs include, A sore in the mouth that does not heal, Persistent mouth pain, A lump or thickening in the cheek, A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away. Surgery is often the first treatment option for lip cancer that has been detected at an early stage. Surgery can also be part of a treatment program for advanced-stage cancer. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy are also potential treatment options for patients with lip cancer. A combination of these therapies can be used
Approximately between 75% and 90% of malignant head and neck tumors have been associated to the joint consumption of tobacco and alcohol. However, a recent study revealed that these risk factors act independently, increasing the risk of cancer compared to the non-smoking, non-drinking population. In a study of 719 patients with oral lichen in Buenos Aires, 32 (6.19%) underwent malignant transformation.