Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. Different types of cells in the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity may become malignant. Being exposed to certain chemicals or dust in the workplace can increase the risk of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer. Signs of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer include sinus problems and nosebleeds.
statistics were published in 2015 in the 7th edition of the AJCC Staging Manual. They come from the National Cancer Data Base and are based on nasal and paranasal sinus cancers diagnosed between 1998 and 1999. They include people with all types of nasal and paranasal sinus cancers. 5-year relative percentages are 63%, 61%, 50%, 35%.
Treatment will depend on the position, stage and grade of the cancer, and on your general health. Usually a team of specialist doctors will plan your treatment. They aim to treat the cancer while doing as little damage as possible to your nose, mouth and appearance. The main treatment for nasal or sinus cancer is usually surgery.Treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be given before surgery to shrink a large tumour.