Odontogenic lesions are cysts or tumors that develop in your jawbone or the soft tissues in your mouth. These lesions are usually noncancerous (benign), but they may behave aggressively at times. Treatment generally involves surgical care but may include medical therapy for certain types of lesions. Prevelance of Odontogenic Tumors reached 12%, accounting for 78.4% in Argentina. The Results obtained in this series showed that 50.9% of OT were odontoma; 18.3% were ameloblastoma, and 8.5% were myxoma. The least frequent tumors were cementoblastoma and ameloblastic fibroma, each of which accounted for 1.9% of tumors, and calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, which accounted for 1.3 % in Argentina.
Treatment options for odontogenic lesions vary, depending on the type of lesion and stage of growth. In some cases, medications may help, but odontogenic lesions usually require surgical removal. A pathologist examines the removed tissue during surgery and reports a diagnosis within a few minutes, so that the surgeon can act on this information immediately. Researches focusing on Evaluation of Amelotin Expression in Benign Odontogenic Tumors, Evaluation of Neoplastic Nature of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor Versus Ameloblastoma, Immunohistochemical detection of laminin-1 and Ki-67 in radicular cysts and keratocystic odontogenic tumors.