Osteomalacia is softening of the bones. It occurs because of a lack of vitamin D or a problem with the body's ability to break down and use this vitamin, which helps your body absorb calcium. Your body needs calcium to maintain the strength and hardness of your bones. Bones that have softened due to osteomalacia have a normal amount of collagen, which gives structure to the bones. However, the bones lack the proper amount of calcium to keep them hard.
The prevalence in women over 50 years old is 50% for osteopenia and 25% for osteomalacia . It is projected that by 2050, 5.24 million and 2.62 million women will have osteopenia and osteomalacia, respectively Treatment may involve vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus supplements taken by mouth. People who cannot absorb nutrients well through the intestines may need larger doses of vitamin D and calcium. People with certain conditions may need regular blood tests to monitor blood levels of phosphorus and calcium.