Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. When a person with a normal spine is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be straight. When a person with scoliosis is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be curved.Symptoms are scoliosis can lead to diminishing lung capacity, putting pressure on the heart, and restricting physical activities, uneven musculature on one side of the spine, Uneven hips, arms or leg lengths, in thoracic scoliosis and slow nerve action.
Surgery: Those who have curves beyond 40 degrees to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery. But surgery does not perfectly straighten the spine. Metallic implants are utilized to correct some of the curvature and hold it in the correct position until a bone graft, placed at the time of surgery, consolidates and creates a rigid fusion in the area of the curve.
People of all ages can have scoliosis it is common in children age 10 to 12 and in their early teens. Girls are more commonly affected than boys. Scoliosis has a rate of 2:1 girls to boys. Scoliosis affects 2-3 % population about 5 to 7 million people. 3-5 out of 1,000 people are affected with Scoliosis.