Pathophysiology: A soft-tissue sarcoma is a form of sarcoma that develops in connective tissue, though the term is sometimes applied to elements of the soft tissue that are not currently considered connective tissue.
Symptoms: In their early stages, soft-tissue sarcomas usually do not cause symptoms. Because soft tissue is relatively elastic, tumors can grow rather large, pushing aside normal tissue, before they are felt or cause any problems. The first noticeable symptom is usually a painless lump or swelling. As the tumor grows, it may cause other symptoms, such as pain or soreness, as it presses against nearby nerves and muscles.
Treatment: The stage of the sarcoma is based on the size and grade of the tumor, and whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body (metastasized). Treatment options for soft-tissue sarcomas include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgery is the most common treatment for soft-tissue sarcomas. It is important to obtain a margin free of tumor to decrease the likelihood of local recurrence and give the best chance for eradication of the tumor.
Statistics: A total of 11447 children aged 0–14 diagnosed with cancer were reported. Histologically verified cases and cases identified only through death certificates were respectively 91% and 6%. The annual age of standardised incidence rate of all cancers was 128.5 per million. Proportions of leukaemia’s, lymphoma’s and Central Nervous System tumours were 37%, 13% and 18%. The distribution of rates of acute lymphatic leukaemia by the year of age showed a peak around age 3. Eighty percent of the patients are treated in public hospital and around 35% migrate for some of the treatment. Deaths within a month of diagnosis were 5% in 2000 and 3% in 2012.