Spinal stenosis is a peculiar narrowing (stenosis) of the spinal canal that may arise in any of the areas of the spine. This narrowing causes a restrict to the spinal canal, resulting in a neurological deficit. Signs and symptoms consist of pain, numbness, paraesthesia, and loss of motor manipulate. The location of the stenosis determines which part of the body is affected. With this, the spinal canal is narrowed on the vertebral canal, that's a foramen among the vertebrae where the spinal wire (inside the cervical or thoracic spine) or nerve roots (in the lumbar spine) by pass thru. There are some types of spinal stenosis, with lumbar stenosis and cervical stenosis being the most common.
Treatment can be conventional or surgical. The approaches of conservative therapy include rest, physical exercises with support exercises for para spinal musculature, bracing, and use of optimal postural biomechanics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, and antispasmodics. Surgical decompression is indicated in persons who experience debilitating pain, claudication, neurologic arrears, otherwise myelopathy. Concomitant stabilization is reticent for persons in whom segmental instability is assumed. A total of 595 patients with Spinal stenosis from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2007 were identified. The male to female ratio was 5.5:1. The mean age at injury was 39.0 years. The crude incidence rate was 39.7 (95% confidence interval: 36.6-43.0) per million population.