Tay-Sachs Disease is a progressive and fatal genetic condition that involves a complete deficiency of the hexosaminidase-A (HEXA) enzyme. This enzyme is needed in healthy individuals for the process of hydrolysis of GM2 ganglioside to occur. For individuals with Tay-Sachs disease that lack this enzyme, the fatty substance of GM2 ganglioside accumulates in the brain and leads to the symptoms of the disease.
Classical citrullinemia type I (CTLN1) is an autosomal recessive disorder encoded by the ASS1 gene, which codes for argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS), the rate-limiting enzyme in the urea cycle. Previously, we identified the mutation p.G390R in patients with CTLN1 in the San Luis Province of Argentina. Here, we report the results of p.G390R analysis in a larger number of probands, relatives of involved families and additionally, a population study to identify carriers
There's currently no cure for Tay-Sachs disease, so the aim of treatment is to make living with the condition as comfortable as possible. Treatment usually focuses on the Preventing problems with the lungs and airways, relieving any feeding or swallowing problems (dysphagia) and using medication to help control or relieve symptoms, such as fits and muscle stiffness.