Tonsil cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of your tonsils. Your tonsils are two oval-shaped pads in the back of your mouth that are part of your body's germ-fighting immune system. Tonsil cancer often causes difficulty swallowing and a sensation that something is caught in your throat. Tonsil cancer is often diagnosed late in the disease, when cancer has spread to nearby areas, such as the tongue and the lymph nodes. Approximately 12,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. Tonsillar cancer accounts for 1.5% to 3.3% of all cancers and is second in frequency to laryngeal cancer among upper respiratory tract malignancies.
Non-surgical therapy of tonsil carcinoma consists of radiation therapy to the primary site and neck for early stage T1-2N0 tumors. For advanced stage tumors T3-4N+, non-surgical therapy consists of organ-preservation concurrent chemoradiation. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before.