Pathophysiology: Viral hemorrhagic fever (VHFs) is a general term to severe group of illness caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. It is a severe multisystem syndrome caused by infectious viruses which lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by fever, malaise, vomiting, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding.VHF is caused by viruses of four families: arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses.
Disease Statistics: Many different species of virues have been spotted in Argentina causing hemoharrgic fgever. Some common species are Hantaviruses have been documented in Argentina. R. rickettsii and R. parkeri causing rocky mountain spotted fever is also spotted in in Argentina. R. massiliae causing spotted fever in Argentina.Argentine hemorrhagic fever occurs only in Argentina,with most cases reported from Cordoba,Santa Fe and Buenos Aires provinces.
Treatment: Patients usually receive supportive therapy but as such there are no other treatment or established cure for VHFs. Ribavirin, an anti-viral drug, have been effective in treating some individuals with Lassa fever or HFRS. Treatment with convalescent-phase plasma has been used with success in some patients with Argentine hemorrhagic fever.
Research: Research groups involved universities of Colombia including University of Cordoba, Institute for Tropical Biological Research, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cartagena, Faculty of Economical Sciences, Research Group of Economics on Health, Cartagena and University children's hospital Napoleon Franco, Research and teaching division. Cartagena.