Pathophysiology: Meningitis is an inflammation of the tissue lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. The pathogenesis of each family of viruses that causes viral meningitis varies. It is uncommon complication of common systemic infections. In children some studies shows learning disabilities, neuromuscular impairments and deafness to viral meningitis. Communicating hydrocephalus is a rare complication of viral meningitis.
Disease Statistics: A major outbreak happened in Tucuman, Argentina in 1996 where viral meningitis outbreak showed the capacity of enteroviruses to spread and cause disease. At least 56% of the cases were hospitalized.
Treatment: For most of the cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Mostly people completely recover on their own within 7 to 10 days. However disease from certain viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza requires treatment with an antiviral medication. Antibiotics are useful only in cases of bacterial meningitis.
Research: The major epidemiological survey and studies are performed by National Epidemiological Surveillance System of the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Argentina.