Figure 3: (Left) Superposition of 20 best structures calculated for the tryptophan zipper peptide using NMR (PDB code: 1LE0) [13,14]. Two pairs of strong aromatic interactions at the non-hydrogen bonding position of the hairpin were found to stabilize the structure and impart protein-like properties to the 16-residue peptide. (Right) Illustration of the T-shaped aromatic interaction in 1LE0, using the Trp residues immediately after the turn as an example.
Note that the T-shaped interaction is also present in the second aromatic pair towards the termini.