Outcomes Random effect model Fixed effect model
RR (95% CI) P RR (95% CI) P
Intention to treat cure rates 0.90 (0.62, 1.30) 0.57 0.84 (0.67, 1.05) 0.12
Per-protocol cure rates 1.29 (0.54, 3.09) 0.57 1.27 (0.96, 1.68) 0.09
Recrudescence rate 1.09 (0.23, 5.19) 0.91 0.98 (0.49, 1.98) 0.96
Side effect 0.89 (0.71, 1.11) 0.29 0.91 (0.73, 1.13) 0.40
Abbreviations: RR: risk ratio; CI: confidence interval.
Table 3: Sensitivity analysis (random effect model vs. fixed effect model).