Variables Khat use COR(95% CI) AOR(95% CI) P- value
  No
N (%)
Yes
N (%)
     
Gender
  Male 66(24.7) 201(75.3) 5.73(3.48,9.46) 5.81(2.96,11.40) 0.001*
  Female 64(65.3) 34(34.7) Reference Reference  
Ethnicity            
  Oromo 55(25.7) 159(74.3) 4.62(2.45,8.75) 1.19(0.48,2.97) 0.705
  Amhara 34(50.7) 33(49.3) Reference Reference  
  Guragie 9(28.1) 23(71.9) 1.55 (0.74,3.24) 0.91(0.36,2.29) 0.838
  Others 32(61.5) 20(38.5) 4.09 (1.58,10.59) 1.26(0.38,4.18) 0.705
Religion
  Orthodox 71(51.8) 66(48.2) Reference Reference  
  Muslim 35(17.9) 161(82.1) 4.95(3.01,8.13) 4.30(1.54,11.96) 0.005*
  Others 24(75) 8(25) 0.36(0.15,0.85) 26.81(8.65,83.10) 0.001*
Frequency of  going to worship places
  Never 6(16.2) 31(83.8) 3.61 (1.39,9.38) 2.88(0.97,8.57) 0.057
  Sometimes 79(35.9) 141(64.1) Reference Reference  
  Frequently 44(41.1) 63(58.9) 1.25 (0.78,2.00) 1.07(0.57,2.02) 0.824
Occupation
  Unemployed 64(31.8) 137(68.2) 1.64 (0.98,2.73) 1.18(0.59,2.37) 0.646
  Gov’t Employed 27(36.5) 47(63.5) Reference Reference  
  Others 39(43.3) 51(56.7) 1.33 (0.71,2.50) 1.31(0.54,3.21) 0.548
Marital Status
  Single 53(31.9) 113(68.1) 2.37 (0.91,6.17) 1.60(0.41,6.18) 0.497
  Married 67(37.2) 113(62.8) Reference Reference  
  Others 10(52.6) 9(47.4) 1.87 (0.73,4.85) 1.46(0.39,5.45) 0.571
Cigarette Smoking
  No 117(40.3) 173(59.7) Reference Reference  
  Yes 13(17.3) 62(82.7) 3.23 (1.70,6.13) 3.04(1.33, 6.94) 0.008*
Major depressive disorder
  No 84(32.2) 177(67.8) Reference Reference  
  Yes 46(44.2) 58(55.8) 0.60 (0.38,0.95) 1.43(0.74,2.77) 0.291
Schizophrenia
  No 96(41) 138(59) Reference Reference  
  Yes 34(26) 97(74) 1.99(1.24,3.17) 0.87(0.45,1.68)  
NB: - * Variables that were significant in the multivariate analysis.
Table 2: Logistic regression model estimates of risk factors for current khat use in persons with mental illness in Jimma University specialized hospital (n=365).